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2011's Nobel Prize of Medicine was awarded to Bruce Beutler (USA), Ralph Steinman (Canada), and Jules Hoffmann (France), for their work on the human immune system. However, the award to Steinman turned out to be more than a routine affair.

In awarding the prize, the Nobel committee had to break one of their most important rules. The reason they went ahead nevertheless was because this breach of rules was inadvertent.

Which rule?

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In Jan 2017, Finland became the first country in Europe to officially experiment with this socio-economic concept. Similar experiments are scheduled for many Dutch cities and the Canadian city of Ontario in 2017. In the case of Finland, the figure is 560 Euros a month. What concept?

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