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Q.339

The first time a Lokpal Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha was in 1968 and came out of the recommendations of a reforms committee earlier in the 60s. In fact, the bill was even passed by the Lok Sabha the next year. But the bill wasn't taken forward as the lower house ended its term in 1970.

The model was the Swedish idea of an "ombudsman". The corresponding Indian word "Lokpal" was, according to Arun Jaitley, coined during a debate on April 3rd, 1963, by an independent MP (who, much later, joined the BJP, and also had a distinguished ambassadorial record). The MP's son is now in the Congress, and as history would have it, is playing a key role in the current Lokpal formulation.

Who are this father and son?

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Q.2336

In Jan 2017, Finland became the first country in Europe to officially experiment with this socio-economic concept. Similar experiments are scheduled for many Dutch cities and the Canadian city of Ontario in 2017. In the case of Finland, the figure is 560 Euros a month. What concept?

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